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Original Article
Egyptian Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology
Vol. 7 (2017), Issue 2, pp. 47-55
doi:10.32527/2017/101425

The Use of an Antibiotic Monitoring Database to Gain Insight into Safer Prescribing of Vancomycin and Aminoglycosides

Soha A. Elmorsy1, Nagwa Al-Taweel2, Hasan Al Tomy3, Rania Bakadam3, Mohammad Alzahrani4, Razaz Felimban4, and Abdulraheem Mirza4

1Department of Medical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Research Center, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

2Laboratory Department, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

3Pharmaceutical Services Administration, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

4Faculty of Medicine, Um Alqura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

Copyright © 2017 Marwa Soha A. Elmorsy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background: Achieving targeted pre-dose concentrations of vancomycin and aminoglycosides is crucial for efficacy and safety. Initial doses of those antibiotics are adjusted in patients with impaired renal function but fixed dosing is used otherwise. The aim of this study is to use antibiotic monitoring data to gain insight on how prescribing can be better tailored to target the desired concentrations. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of a five-year antibiotic monitoring database from a referral tertiary care hospital in Western Saudi Arabia. Multivariate logistic regression –with robust standard error as appropriate- was used to detect associations between pre-dose antibiotic concentrations being below or above targets and age, gender, and creatinine clearance, as estimated retrospectively from the database. Results: There were 1067 and 9394 pre-dose concentration records for aminoglycosides and vancomycin, respectively. For amikacin and gentamicin, respectively 46% and 59% of pre-dose concentrations were above 5 and 1 micrograms/ml. and for vancomycin 18% were below 10 and 30% were above 20 micrograms/ml. Regression showed estimated creatinine clearance to be an independent predictor of vancomycin and aminoglycoside plasma levels (p<0.001 for both). This was true with initial and subsequent level measurements and across wards (oncology, ICU and others). Gender showed significant association with vancomycin level. Conclusion: A substantial proportion of patients can benefit from snug tailoring of vancomycin and aminoglycoside doses based on creatinine clearance estimation. The current dataset suggests a model for vancomycin that can be validated in datasets from other populations and then may be used to guide dosing.

Original Article
Egyptian Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology
Vol. 7 (2017), Issue 2, pp. 47-55
doi:10.32527/2017/101425

The Use of an Antibiotic Monitoring Database to Gain Insight into Safer Prescribing of Vancomycin and Aminoglycosides

Soha A. Elmorsy1, Nagwa Al-Taweel2, Hasan Al Tomy3, Rania Bakadam3, Mohammad Alzahrani4, Razaz Felimban4, and Abdulraheem Mirza4

1Department of Medical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Research Center, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

2Laboratory Department, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

3Pharmaceutical Services Administration, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

4Faculty of Medicine, Um Alqura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

Copyright © 2017 Marwa Soha A. Elmorsy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background: Achieving targeted pre-dose concentrations of vancomycin and aminoglycosides is crucial for efficacy and safety. Initial doses of those antibiotics are adjusted in patients with impaired renal function but fixed dosing is used otherwise. The aim of this study is to use antibiotic monitoring data to gain insight on how prescribing can be better tailored to target the desired concentrations. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of a five-year antibiotic monitoring database from a referral tertiary care hospital in Western Saudi Arabia. Multivariate logistic regression –with robust standard error as appropriate- was used to detect associations between pre-dose antibiotic concentrations being below or above targets and age, gender, and creatinine clearance, as estimated retrospectively from the database. Results: There were 1067 and 9394 pre-dose concentration records for aminoglycosides and vancomycin, respectively. For amikacin and gentamicin, respectively 46% and 59% of pre-dose concentrations were above 5 and 1 micrograms/ml. and for vancomycin 18% were below 10 and 30% were above 20 micrograms/ml. Regression showed estimated creatinine clearance to be an independent predictor of vancomycin and aminoglycoside plasma levels (p<0.001 for both). This was true with initial and subsequent level measurements and across wards (oncology, ICU and others). Gender showed significant association with vancomycin level. Conclusion: A substantial proportion of patients can benefit from snug tailoring of vancomycin and aminoglycoside doses based on creatinine clearance estimation. The current dataset suggests a model for vancomycin that can be validated in datasets from other populations and then may be used to guide dosing.

Original Article
Egyptian Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology
Vol. 7 (2017), Issue 2, pp. 47-55
doi:10.32527/2017/101425

The Use of an Antibiotic Monitoring Database to Gain Insight into Safer Prescribing of Vancomycin and Aminoglycosides

Soha A. Elmorsy1, Nagwa Al-Taweel2, Hasan Al Tomy3, Rania Bakadam3, Mohammad Alzahrani4, Razaz Felimban4, and Abdulraheem Mirza4

1Department of Medical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Research Center, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

2Laboratory Department, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

3Pharmaceutical Services Administration, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

4Faculty of Medicine, Um Alqura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

Copyright © 2017 Marwa Soha A. Elmorsy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Soha A. Elmorsy, Nagwa Al-Taweel, Hasan Al Tomy, Rania Bakadam, Mohammad Alzahrani, Razaz Felimban, and Abdulraheem Mirza, “The Use of an Antibiotic Monitoring Database to Gain Insight into Safer Prescribing of Vancomycin and Aminoglycosides,” Egyptian Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology, Vol. 7, Issue 2, pp. 47-55, 2017. doi:10.32527/2017/101425