Table 2: The effects of forskolin and / or glycerol on oxidative stress, apoptotic and inflammatory markers in studied groups.


Variable Control (n = 8) FSK (n = 8) AKI (n = 8) FSK + AKI (n = 8)

Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
MDA (nmol/ml) 39.0 3.68 39.3 3.50 93.0 *† 6.32 57.0 *†‡ 4.24
GST (mg/g) 5.7 1.00 5.4 1.34 9.6*† 3.40 6.0 0.70
Capase -3 (pg\mg protein) 0.90 0.14 0.91 0.14 12.0 *† 3.16 6.5 *†‡ 1.51
TNF alpha (pg\mg protein) 6.0 1.41 6.0 1.41 170.0 *†‡ 9.89 70.0 *† 6.32

*→Significant in comparison with control
†→Significant in comparison with FSK
‡→Significant in comparison with AKI.